ZAKAT FITRAH

Zakat Fitrah is also known as Zakat of Ramadan or Zakat Fitri.

The commandment for Zakat Fitrah was obliged in the second year of Hijrah, the same year that fasting in Ramadan was made obligatory. It is prescribed as a means of purification for the person who fasts, redressing wrong deeds and undesirable words uttered during fasting.

However, Zakat Fitrah is primarily meant as a relief aid for the poor and needy. 100 per cent of Zakat Fitrah collection during Ramadan is disbursed to vulnerable families in Singapore.

The disbursement comes in several forms including Ramadan bonus, hampers, and Hari Raya goodies.

CONDITIONS FOR ZAKAT FITRAH

One is a Muslim.
Every Muslim has to fulfil Zakat Fitrah.
Possesses something (food, goods or cash) in excess of his own
needs and all his dependants for the day and night of Eidulfitri.
To observe both periods of end of Ramadan and beginning of Syawal. A person who dies before sunset and a child born after sunset on the night before first of Syawal, are exempted from paying Zakat Fitrah.

Zakat Fitrah is an obligation on the person and his dependants such as his wife, children who have not reached maturity and parents.

If one is unable to pay for himself and/or his dependants due to certain difficulties, his dependants may pay for them and/or for him with his permission.

What is important is that Zakat Fitrah payment has been made for every individual.

Zakat Fitrah Rates

The Zakat Fitrah rate that is obligatory on every person is one sa’ or 2.3kg of the staple local food. In Singapore, the staple food is rice.

Since 2005, Muis has introduced a two-tier Zakat Fitrah rate. This is in accordance with the Syari’ah and allows the payer to choose the rate that is most suitable for them based on their daily consumption.

Based on the median price of 2.3kg of rice (normal/average grade) that is consumed as a staple.
Based on the median price of 2.3kg of rice (higher grade) that is consumed as a staple.
The objective of the two-tier system is to provide the ability for everyone to be able to fulfil their Zakat Fitrah obligation. It also encourages those who can afford to pay more to do so to further help those in need.

Zakat Fitrah FAQs

Zakat Fitrah payment can be made throughout the month of Ramadan but must be before the start of Eidul Fitri prayers. If it is paid after Eidul Fitri prayers it becomes just an ordinary charity.
Zakat Fitrah is to be paid in the region where the person meets the arrival of Maghrib ending Ramadan. If during that duration he is in a journey and there is no one suitable to receive Zakat Fitrah, the person then needs to pay his Zakat Fitrah at his place of destination upon arrival.
There are various methods for Muslims in Singapore to pay their Zakat Fitrah during the month of Ramadan.

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